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Overview
 
MINING
Samancor Chrome’s mines are located on the eastern and western  limbs of the Bushveld Igneous Complex. Typical production levels amount to some 5 Mt per annum of saleable chromium ores for both internal consumption (approximately 2.8 million metric tonnes - Mt -per annum) and local and export sales (approximately 2 Mt per annum).
 
Eastern Chrome Mines (ECM)
 
ECM is located in the Steelpoort valley (approximately 350km from Johannesburg) along a 100-kilometre stretch of the eastern rim of the Bushveld Igneous Complex, and comprises of three underground mines, two opencast mines, four surface beneficiation plants and four tailings re-treatment plants.
 
Western Chrome Mines (WCM)
WCM is situated approximately 130km north-west of Johannesburg, close to the town of Mooinooi in the North West Province, and comprises of three underground mines, two surface beneficiation plants and two tailings re-treatment plants.
 
SMELTING
Samancor Chrome operates three smelting operations being, Ferrometals (FMT), Middelburg Ferrochrome (MFC) and Tubatse Ferrochrome (TFC), with a total of 16 charge chrome furnaces capable of producing more than 1.2 Mt per annum of charge chrome. Technology deployed is 12 open Submerged Arc Furnaces (SAF) with two closed submerged arc furnaces at FMT, and two Direct Current (DC) furnace at MFC.
 
 
Ferrometals (FMT)
FMT is situated in Emalahleni (formerly called Witbank), Mpumalanga, and is one of the largest individual ferrochrome plants in the world. The bulk of its production comprises of charge chrome while medium carbon ferrochrome (IC3) is also produced for the foundry and speciality steel markets. FMT is the base from which several joint ventures operate, including Crometals (Pty) Ltd, Poschrome (Pty) Ltd and Elkem Ferroveld.
 
 
Middelburg Ferrochrome (MFC)
MFC is situated in Middelburg, Mpumalanga and was established in 1964 as a Low Carbon Ferrochrome production facility. Charge chrome was first produced on this site in 1974 by Middelburg Steel and Alloys (Pty) Ltd, which was acquired by Samancor in 1991, making it one of only a few alloy plants in the world able to produce both charge chrome and low carbon ferrochrome. The operation consists of two Submerged-Arc Furnaces (SAF’s), two Direct-Current (DC) Furnaces, a Pelletising and Sintering plant (PSP) and a metal recovery plant. It also houses two SAF’s for FeSiCr production and one open-arc slag melting furnace for LCFeCr production.
 
 
Tubatse Ferrochrome (TFC)
TFC was initially built as a three-furnace operation in 1975 as a joint venture between Gencor Ltd and Union Carbide Inc (USA). In the same year, the Union Carbide Inc. shareholding was taken over by Samancor, and in 1989 Samancor acquired the Gencor Ltd shareholding. During the years 1989-1990 the plant was expanded to five furnaces with the sixth furnace being built in 1996. The plant is situated in Steelpoort, Limpopo Province and is in close proximity to ECM. The core business of the operation is the production of charge chrome using six SAFs, one metal recovery plant, and a Pellet and Sintering Plant (PSP). The smelting complex inlcudes Tubatse Chrome, a joint venture with Sinosteel and NST Ferrochrome (Pty) Ltd.
 
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